Herbs

In common usage, an "herb" is any plant that serves a medicinal, culinary, or even industrial purpose. Our HerbaZest Herb Guide aims to provide accurate information about useful herbs, particularly regarding their nutritional and medicinal properties.


What Are Herbs?

Although botanists use a more technical definition, when the word "herbs" is used in common speech, it refers to any plant – no matter if tree or creeping vine – that can be used by people to reap any sort of benefit: culinary, medicinal, or even for the manufacture of other goods. This may refer to the plant as a whole, or to just its roots, leaves, or bark, among other parts.

Uses of Herbs

Herbs have been allies for human development for thousands of years, and we have taken advantage of them as food, raw material, animal feed, and even for religious rituals. However, we want to focus on how to use herbs to promote health and wellness.

Herbs for Nourishment

Many herbs have been valued because of their potential to nourish and feed people. Different types of fruits, legumes, or cereals have grown to be dietary staples, or have even become symbols for a region's cultural identity.

On the other hand, there are many more herbs that are useful because of the extra flavor and aroma they provide. Chili peppers or saffron petals, for example, are too strong or pricey to make for a sustainable main dish, but they are invaluable for flavoring them.

Herbs for Healing

The use of medicinal herbs and nature-based remedies is as old as humankind, and in many cultures they were even believed to be magical or sacred because of their amazing properties (Read our full History of Herbal Medicine). Science has evolved greatly since those days, but herbal medicine retains many practical applications.

Its main – and most obvious – use is for treating and relieving different ailments, from infusions for stomach infections to ointments for burns. Nevertheless, herbal remedies are also great for prevention of diseases and as way to boost specific bodily functions and promote wellness.

Now that you understand more about the different ways to use herbs, you can search for more useful information about each herb, its benefits, and even how to grow your own.

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Displaying 175 medicinal and nutritional herbs:

List of Herbs

A

Acai (Euterpe oleracea)
Achiote (Bixa orellana)
Agrimony (Agrimonia eupatoria)
Alfalfa (Medicago sativa)
Aloe (Aloe vera)
Amaranth (Amaranthus caudatus)
Anise (Pimpinella anisum)
Apple (Malus domestica)
Apricot (Prunus armeniaca)
Artichoke (Cynara cardunculus (syn. Cynara scolymus))
Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera)
Asparagus (Asparagus officinalis)
Aspen (Populus tremuloides)
Astragalus (Astragalus membranaceus (syn. Astragalus propinquus))
Avocado (Persea americana)

B

Banana (Musa acuminata)
Baobab (Adansonia digitata)
Basil (Ocimum basilicum)
Bay Laurel (Laurus nobilis)
Beans (Phaseolus vulgaris)
Bear Garlic (Allium ursinum)
Bearded Usnea (Usnea barbata)
Bell Pepper (Capsicum annuum)
Bilberry (Vaccinium myrtillus)
Black Cohosh (Actaea racemosa)
Black Pepper (Piper nigrum)
Blackberry (Rubus fruticosus)
Blackcurrant (Ribes nigrum)
Blackthorn (Prunus spinosa)
Blue Cohosh (Caulophyllum thalictroides)
Blueberry (Vaccinium corymbosum)
Boldo (Peumus boldus)
Buchu (Agathosma betulina)
Burdock (Arctium lappa)

C

Cabbage (Brassica oleracea var. capitata)
Cacao (Theobroma cacao)
Calendula (Calendula officinalis)
California Poppy (Eschscholzia californica)
Camu Camu (Myrciaria dubia)
Carambola (Averrhoa carambola)
Cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum)
Carrot (Daucus carota)
Cascara Sagrada (Rhamnus purshiana)
Cat's Claw (Uncaria tomentosa)
Cayenne (Capsicum anuum)
Celery (Apium graveolens)
Chamomile (Matricaria chamomilla)
Cherimoya (Annona cherimola)
Cherry (Prunus spp.)
Chia (Salvia hispanica)
Chicory (Cichorium intybus)
Chili Pepper (Capsicum frutescens)
Cinnamon (Cinnamomum verum)
Cleavers (Galium aparine)
Cloves (Syzygium aromaticum)
Coffee (Coffea arabica)
Cola Nut (Cola acuminata)
Coltsfoot (Tussilago farfara)
Comfrey (Symphytum officinale)
Cranberry (Vaccinium oxycoccos)
Cucumber (Cucumis sativus)
Curly Dock (Rumex crispus)

D

Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale)
Devil's Claw (Harpagophytum procumbens)
Dill (Anethum graveolens)
Dong Quai (Angelica sinensis)
Dragon Fruit (Hylocereus spp.)

E

Echinacea (Echinacea purpurea)
Elecampane (Inula helenium)
Eucalyptus (Eucalyptus globulus)

F

Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare)
Fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum)
Feverfew (Tanacetum parthenium)
Flax (Linum usitatissimum)

G

Garlic (Allium sativum)
Gentian (Gentiana lutea)
Ginger (Zingiber officinale)
Ginkgo (Ginkgo biloba)
Ginseng (Panax ginseng)
Goji Berry (Lycium chinense, Lycium barbarum)
Goldenberry (Physalis peruviana)
Goldenseal (Hydrastis canadensis)
Gotu Kola (Centella asiatica (syn. Hydrocotyle asiatica))
Grape Vine (Vitis vinifera)
Graviola (Annona muricata)
Green Tea (Camellia sinensis (syn. Thea sinensis))
Guarana (Paullinia cupana)
Guava (Psidium guajava)
Guelder Rose (Viburnum opulus)

H

Hibiscus (Hibiscus sabdariffa)
Honeysuckle (Lonicera)
Hops (Humulus lupulus)
Horse Chestnut (Aesculus hippocastanum)

I

Ivy (Hedera helix)

J

Jasmine (Jasminum spp.)
Jojoba (Simmondsia chinensis)
Juniper (Juniperus communis)

K

Kava Kava (Piper methysticum)
Kiwi (Actinidia deliciosa)

L

Lavender (Lavandula officinalis (syn. L. angustifolia))
Lemon (Citrus limon)
Lemon Balm (Melissa officinalis)
Lemon Verbena (Aloysia citriodora)
Licorice (Glycyrrhiza glabra)
Linden (Tilia cordata)
Lobelia (Lobelia inflata)

M

Maca (Lepidium meyenii (syn. Lepidium peruvianum))
Maize (Zea mays)
Mallow (Malva sylvestris)
Mango (Mangifera indica)
Marigold (Tagetes erecta)
Marsh Mallow (Althaea officinalis)
Mate (Ilex paraguariensis)
Meadowsweet (Filipendula ulmaria)
Melon (Cucumis melo)
Mesquite (Prosopis pallida)
Milk Thistle (Silybum marianum)
Motherwort (Leonurus cardiaca)
Mullein (Verbascum thapsus)
Mustard (Brassica spp.)
Myrtle (Myrtus communis)

N

Neem (Azadirachta indica)
Nettle (Urtica dioica)
Noni (Morinda citrifolia)

O

Oak (Quercus robur)
Olive (Olea europaea)
Onion (Allium cepa)
Oregano (Origanum vulgare)
Oregon Grape (Mahonia aquifolium, Berberis aquifolium)

P

Papaya (Carica papaya)
Parsley (Petroselinum crispum)
Passion Flower (Passiflora incarnata)
Passion Fruit (Passiflora edulis)
Pear (Pyrus communis)
Pecan (Carya illinoensis)
Peony (Paeonia spp.)
Peppermint (Mentha x piperita)
Pineapple (Ananas comosus)
Pomegranate (Punica granatum)
Potato (Solanum tuberosum)
Prune (Prunus domestica)
Psyllium (Plantago afra)
Pumpkin (Cucurbita pepo)
Pygeum (Prunus africana, Pygeum africanum)

Q

Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa)

R

Raspberry (Rubus idaeus)
Rhubarb (Rheum rhabarbarum)
Rose (Rosa canina)
Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis)
Rue (Ruta graveolens)

S

Sacha Inchi (Plukenetia volubilis)
Saffron (Crocus sativus)
Sage (Salvia officinalis)
Saw Palmetto (Serenoa repens)
Scots Pine (Pinus sylvestris)
Senna (Cassia senna)
Skullcap (Scutellaria lateriflora)
Soy (Glycine max)
Spinach (Spinacia oleracea)
St. John's Wort (Hypericum perforatum)
Stevia (Stevia rebaudiana)
Stonebreaker (Phyllantus niruri)
Sweet Wormwood (Artemisia annua)

T

Tamarind (Tamarindus Indica)
Tea Plant (Cammellia sinensis)
Thyme (Thymus vulgaris)
Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum (syn. Solanum lycopersicum))
Turmeric (Curcuma longa)

U

Uva Ursi (Arctostaphylos uva-ursi, Arbutus uva-ursi)

V

Valerian (Valeriana officinalis)

W

Water Lily (Nymphaea spp.)
Wheat (Triticum aestivum)
Wild Yam (Dioscorea villosa)
Witch Hazel (Hamamelis virginiana)

X

Y

Yacon (Smallanthus sonchifolius)

Z

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