Gotu Kola

Gotu kola has been a major herb in traditional Chinese medicine for millennia, and its applications go beyond its popular use for skin rejuvenation.

Fact checked

By HerbaZest Editorial Team | Updated: Feb 15, 2022

Gotu Kola
General Information
  • Common name(s) Gotu kola, centella, Indian pennywort, spadeleaf
  • TCM name Luei gong gen
  • Ayurvedic name mandukparni
  • Scientific name Centella asiatica (syn. Hydrocotyle asiatica)
  • Geographic distribution Southeast and East Asia
  • Plant type Herb
  • Native region South East Asia
  • Main producer(s) India
  • Main Economic Use Medicinal

Gotu kola is an herb native to Southeast Asia whose history dates back to ancient times. It has been continuously used as an effective remedy for various ailments, which has allowed its popularity to spread throughout the world.

Gotu Kola Medicinal Properties

Quick Facts
  • Medicinal action Cicatrizant, Neuroprotective
  • Key constituents Triterpenoids (asiaticoside), carotenoids, polyphenols
  • Ways to use Capsules, Hot infusions/tisanes, Tincture, Poultice, Ointment
  • Medicinal rating (2) Minorly useful plant
  • Safety ranking Use with caution

Health Benefits of Gotu Kola

Science has shown that there are several active ingredients behind gotu kola's  properties. These are some of the main benefits of gotu kola:

  • Enhancing memory. The neuroprotective properties of gotu kola has shown to improve cognitive function in people with Alzheimer's disease and various age-related diseases.

  • Speeding up wound healing. Gotu kola's ability to stimulate collagen production and blood flow has been traditionally used for quickening scarring after burns or injuries.

Though research is still limited, gotu kola's properties may play a part in the treatment of the following:

  • Preventing stretch marks. The active compounds in gotu kola help strengthen the skin, thus reducing the occurrence of stretch marks.

  • Treating venous insufficiency. Gotu kola can reduce swelling and leakage from blood vessels.

  • Decreasing joint pain. A preliminary study has found that gotu kola can diminish pain and skin hardening associated with scleroderma.

How It Works

Gotu kola possesses triterpenoid compounds (mainly asiaticoside), which are responsible for improving age-related cognitive deficits by stimulating vascular activity in the brain.1,2 They also play a key role in its wound healing effects by stimulating collagen production.3

Goty kola's content also includes high levels of carotenoids as well as polyphenols, mainly flavonoids, volatile oils, and tannins, all of which are credited for the regenerative, anti-aging properties of this herb.

Another reason for gotu kola's varied medicinal properties is its high nutritional value. The herb contains large amounts of vital nutrients, including B-group vitamins and vitamin C (ascorbic acid), calcium, iron, serine, lysine, magnesium, and glutamate.

Triterpenoids are thought to strengthen the skin, which can make gotu kola effective in treating burns, scars, stretch marks, and even cellulitis.

Aloe and jojoba also speed up wound healing, whereas ginkgo and rosemary increase blood circulation.

Gotu Kola Side Effects

Side effects are rare, but may include skin allergies and burning sensations if the herb is applied externally in high doses. Headaches, stomach upset, nausea, dizziness, and extreme drowsiness can be the consequence of oral use.

Gotu Kola Cautions

Children, as well as those with a history of skin cancer or suffering liver disease, should not take gotu kola. It can also interact with liver medications, statins, diabetes medications, diuretics, and sedatives.

The herb should not be used for longer than six weeks at a time, except under medical supervision.
Gotu Kola Benefits and Properties

How to Consume Gotu Kola

Quick Facts
  • Edible parts Leaves
  • Edible uses Flavoring, Protein
  • Taste Acrid, Bitter

It is not common for people to eat raw gotu kola; however, its nutritional value remains particularly potent in this form. Gotu kola is also used as a leafy green in Sri Lankan cuisine and normally accompanies curries or seasons rice. It is a popular addition to many vegetarian meals. In Indonesia, the gotu kola leaves are commonly used in salads.

While gotu kola does have culinary applications, it is mostly used as medicine. Herbal preparations are made from the leaves and stems, which are sometimes powdered.

Natural Forms

  • Infusion. The dried leaves can be brewed into a warm tisane. Gotu kola tea improves circulation and eases digestion.

  • Poultice. The crushed gotu kola leaves or gotu kola powder can be hydrated in warm water and used topically for treating skin ailments.

Herbal Remedies & Supplements

  • Ointment. This preparation can be applied over the skin to reduce irritation. It is also used for cosmetic purposes.

  • Tincture. Between 30 - 60 drops of this concentrated preparation can be diluted in a glass of water and taken two to three times daily.

  • Capsules. This popular supplemental form provides a consistent dosage of gotu kola's active ingredients.

How to Use Gotu Kola

Buying

Quick Facts
  • Where to buy Specialized health stores, Online herb stores

Natural Forms

Raw gotu kola is difficult to locate outside of countries that frequently use it as a culinary ingredient, but dried gotu kola is easier to find in specialized health stores, ethnic markets, and through online retailers.

The most common presentation of gotu kola includes its dried leaves, either whole or powdered. It is also available in premade teabags.

Herbal Remedies & Supplements

Gotu kola remedial and supplemental forms, such as ointment, tincture, and capsules are much popular and easier to find than the natural forms of the herb. They are readily available for purchase in specialized health stores and through online retailers.

It should be noted that each brand of may come with different concentrations, and reading the labels is important to ensure the quality of the product.

Growing

Quick Facts
  • Life cycle Perennial
  • Harvested parts Leaves
  • Growing habitat Swamps and marshlands

The gotu kola plant is found growing in swampy areas of most tropical and subtropical countries, including parts of India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Madagascar, South Africa, the South Pacific, and Eastern Europe.

Growing guidelines

  • The gotu kola plant grows best in moisturized marshlands, such as riverbanks.

  • Tropical climate conditions are also required as this is its natural habitat.

  • Gotu kola tends to be harvested from the wild rather than grown in nurseries or in specific fields.

Additional Information

Quick Facts
  • Other uses Cosmetics, Repellent

Plant Biology

Gotu kola is a perennial, herbaceous creeper that has small fan-shaped green leaves, with white or light purple-to-pink or white flowers, and it bears small oval fruit.

  • Classification

    Gotu kola (Centella asiatica) is a member of the Apiaceae family, which comprises around 434 genera and 3,700 species of flowering plants, including carrot (Daucus carota), celery (Apium graveolens), and parsley (Petroselinum crispum).

  • Varieties and Subspecies of Gotu Kola

    The Centella genus consist of only three species that can be found growing wild in many areas of the world, slightly varying in appearance depending on their surrounding conditions. Despite this, it is typical for their roots to give rise to reddish stolons. C. asiatica does not have any botanical varieties or subspecies.

Historical Information

Gotu kola first appeared in medicinal lore as part of the Indian Ayurvedic medicinal system, around 1,100 - 500 years BCE. Over the centuries, gotu kola has been used as a leafy green vegetable in Bangladesh, Thailand, and Sri Lanka. It wasn't until the late 19th century, however, that it became recognized as a valid, botanical medicine.

Gotu kola was carried by tiger hunters in India as a way of healing potential wounds resulting from encounters with these animals.

Popular Beliefs

It has been referred to as the "fountain of life" because it is said that a Chinese herbalist who took gotu kola lived for two centuries.

Economic Data

Gotu kola is one of the most cultivated herbs in Southeast Asia, with India being its biggest producer. It is grown for both herbal medicine and culinary purposes. Gotu kola tends to have low yields, usually producing just 1,000 pounds (450 kg) per acre.

Other Uses

In addition to being used in food and medicine, gotu kola can also be used as a mosquito repellent. The oil of the plant has also been used in the production of soaps and shampoos.

Sources

Footnotes:

  1. Evidence Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine. (2916). Effectiveness of Gotu Kola Extract 750 mg and 1000 mg Compared with Folic Acid 3 mg in Improving Vascular Cognitive Impairment after Stroke. Retrieved February 10, 2022, from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4908235/
  2. Digest Journal of Nanomaterials and Biostructures. (2008). EFFECT OF CENTELLA ASIATICA ON MILD COGNITIVE IMPAIRMENT (MCI) AND OTHER COMMON AGE-RELATED CLINICAL PROBLEMS. Retrieved February 10, 2022, from:
    https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Kishor-Patwardhan/publication/201910063_Effect_of_Centella_asiatica_on_mild_cognitive_impairment_MCI_and_other_common_age-related_clinical_problems/links/0922b4f799f1c673ce000000/Effect-of-Centella-asiatica-on-mild-cognitive-impairment-MCI-and-other-common-age-related-clinical-problems.pdf
  3. International Journal of Dermatology. (2004). Asiaticoside induction for cell-cycle progression, proliferation and collagen synthesis in human dermal fibroblasts. Retrieved February 10, 2022, from: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/15533060/