"Superfood" is a term commonly used for foods that are low in calories but high in nutrients, as well as those harboring some potential health benefits. Because of this, they carry a lot of weight as an addition to an already healthy diet and lifestyle. Read on to find out about some of South America's best participants in this extraordinary category.
1. Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa)
Considered a whole grain, quinoa is a remarkable food due to its health benefits and overall versatility. For the average consumer, it is particularly exciting, because it contains high levels of protein, potassium, antioxidants, healthy fats, and other vitamins and minerals. On top of all that, quinoa is also gluten free. Filling and flexible, use it as a substitute for rice, in soups or salads, or even when baking.
2. Sacha Inchi (Plukenetia volubilis)
Native to South America, sacha inchi offers an exceptional nutritional profile. Its characteristic fruit pods contain an abundance of seeds, which are packed with protein and oil rich in omega-3 and omega-6 linolenic acid. Sacha inchi oil has a pleasant nutty flavor, which makes it an excellent addition to salads and other culinary dishes, whereas its powder is an important nutritional supplement. This herb is also studied for potential health benefits, particularly promoting muscle growth and strengthening the heart.
3. Chia (Salvia hispanica)
Chia seeds are gaining international recognition as numerous studies are validating its superfood properties. This South and Central American herb is said to improve cardiovascular health and aid in the management of diabetes by stabilizing blood glucose. These medicinal properties are attributed to chia's richness proteins and healthy oils, as well as an abundance in essential minerals, such as phosphorus, calcium, magnesium, and many more.
4. Amaranth (Amaranthus caudatus)
Less known than quinoa, this South American herb has the full right to be considered a superfood. Amaranth is packed with easily-digestible proteins and calcium among other essential compounds. Its nutritional profile, particularly peptides, lysine, oils, and phytoesterols, has been recognized for possessing anti-inflammatory and anti-carcinogenic properties. These compounds are also said to regulate blood pressure and lower cholesterol. It is also a a good fiber source and a great option for gluten-intolerant consumers.
5. Camu camu (Myrciaria dubia)
The astounding amounts of vitamin C are one of the factors securing camu camu's position among the most famous South American superfoods. Native to the Amazonian regions, this fruit has been recognized for its anti-inflammatory properties and strengthening the immune system, which is essential to disease prevention. Its vitamin C helps with iron absorption, and along with other minerals, such as magnesium, it supports skeletal system and eye health.
6. Maca (Lepidium meyenii)
A plant grown high in the Andes, maca has been hailed as somewhat of a "wonderherb." It has been successfully used to increase energy levels, promote fertility in both men and women, and for relieving menopause symptoms, such as anxiety and hot flashes.
7. Acai (Euterpe oleracea)
Don't let the size of this little berry fool you. Acai has more antioxidants than blueberries, strawberries, cranberries, blackberries, and raspberries! Antioxidants work to inhibit the damaging effects of free radicals, which may contribute to aging or DNA damage.
These six delicious foods are bursting with phytonutrients, necessary for a vigorous and balanced life. Combined with exercise and other healthy foods, you'll be ready to take on the world.
- Chemistry Central Journal, Cacao seeds are a "Super Fruit": A comparative analysis of various fruit powders and products, 2011
- Clinical Immunology, Bromelain treatment decreases secretion of pro-inflammatory cytokines and chemokines by colon biopsies in vitro, 2008
- Huntington College of Health Sciences, Maca
- Journal of Biomedicine and Biotechnology, The Promising Future of Chia, Salvia hispanica L., 2012
- National Institutes of Health, Bromelain
- University of Kentucky, Grain Amaranth
- University of Michigan Health, Maca
- MedlinePlus Herbs and Supplements, Special Cocoa Drink May Improve Age-Related Memory Loss, 2011